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Sweet flag (Acorus calamus) is mentioned in Ayurveda and belongs to the genus Acorus information regarding the chemical constituents and. Acorus calamus is a species of flowering plant, a tall wetland monocot of the family Acoraceae, Horticulture. 6 Chemistry; 7 Cultural symbolism; 8 Safety and regulations; 9 Notes and references; 10 External links .. (). “Essential oil composition of Acorus calamus L. from the lower region of the Himalayas”. Download scientific diagram | Active chemical constituents in Acorus calamus L. Root from publication: Prasaplai: An essential Thai traditional formulation for.

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An Update on Chemical Composition and Bioactivities of Acorus Species – SciAlert Responsive Version

The genus Acorus comprises 40 species, however, only few species like Acorus calamus Linn. Further, Lee has studied constitjents fungicidal property of hexane extract of A. It is reported as a good source of active constituents possessing several useful bioactive properties.

Anti-inflammatory properties of many plants species have been known for a long time. Comparatively, antimicrobial properties of Acorus spp.

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Inhibitory chwmical of dry Acorus calamus extracts on the growth of two water bloom-forming algal species. In Europe, it flowers for about a month in late spring or early summer, but usually does not bear fruit.

The man awoke, found the root, and made a medicine which cured chemicao people. Another study by Tong et al. Antispasmodic effect of Acorus calamus Linn. Novel lectins from rhizomes of two Acorus species with mitogenic activity and inhibitory potential towards murine cancer cell lines. The leaves are erect yellowish-green, radical, with pink sheathing at their bases, sword-shaped, flat and narrow, tapering into a long, acute point, and have parallel veins.


In the past several years, a number of reports have been published revealing antioxidant potential of many medicinal plant s which has been implicated in minimizing harmful effects of free radical s.

Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals: The calamus has long been a symbol of love. Acorus calamus rhizome extract prepared with ethanol: Blood pressure-lowering and vascular modulator effects of Acorus calamus extract are mediated through multiple pathways.

The water extract of A. Only plants that grow in water bear flowers.

Acorus calamus – Wikipedia

xonstituents CS1 Latin-language sources la CS1 Greek-language sources el Articles with ‘species’ microformats Articles needing additional references from April All articles needing additional references All articles lacking reliable references Articles lacking reliable references from March All pages needing cojstituents verification Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September Articles with Chinese-language external links Use dmy dates from March Taxonbars with 30—34 taxon IDs Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers.

The study based on the receptor-ligand binding using a use-dependent NMDA receptor-channel blocker [ 3 H]MK revealed that asarone inhibited the specific bindings in a concentration-dependent fashion Cho et al. A muskrat spirit came to a man in a dream, telling him that he the muskrat was a root and where to find him.

Anticellular and immunosuppressive properties of ethanolic extract of Acorus calamus rhizome. Lewis Carroll uses the plant in Through the Looking-Glass as a symbol of the fleeting nature of childhood: Teton-Dakota warriors chewed the root to a paste, which they rubbed on their faces. Acorus calamus Plant List: Essential oil composition of Acorus calamus L.

Thus, this property of A. Besides, more new active constituents possessing important bioactive properties are being isolated and identified from Acorus spp.


[Chemical constituents of Acorus calamus].

The lectins found in the rhizomes of A. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. The protective effects of Acorus spp. Induction of sterility in male house flies by vapours of Acorus calamus L. Protective effect of ethyl acetate and m ethanolic extract of A.

A number of reports published have documented many new useful bioactivities of Acorus spp. Some other constituents like caryophyllene, isoasarone, methyl isoeugenol and safrol present in lesser amounts have also been identified in the extracts of rhizomes and roots Namba, ; Wang et al.

Effect of Acorus calamus L. For other uses, see Sweet flag disambiguation. Recent studies have shown anti-diabetic potential of Acorus spp. Each flower contains six petals and stamens enclosed in a perianth with six divisions, surrounding a three-celled, oblong ovary with a sessile stigma.

In recent times usefulness of A.

Protective roles of Acorus spp. Ethanolic extracts of A. Allelopathic effect of Acorus tatarinowii upon algae. Protection of cultured rat cortical neurons from excitotoxicity by asarone, a major essential oil component in the rhizomes of Acorus gramineus. The other species A. Prevention of oxidative damage and hyperproliferation response in rat kidney.

It is widely used in traditional folk medicine of America and Indonesia for gastrointestinal disorders such as, colic pain, diarrhea and the radix in the therapy of diabetes Gilani et al.