Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. Al-Mawardi’s main political thought is embodied in his. Al-Ahham al-Sultaniyah. Only a small portion of the work is however devoted to political theory, the rest of . Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-. (d. ). Shafii jurist who wrote the most significant classical theoretical explanation of public law in relation to political theory.
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The Wazir of Delegation is the person in whom the Imam has the fullest confidence and to whom the powers of administration of the realm are delegated. A problem in his idea is that Al-Mawardi stresses on the rights and prerogatives of the caliphs but ignores politicaal and obligations of the people. Al-Mawardi was acclaimed as one of the ablest men of his age. Views Read Edit View history.
A non-Muslim citizen may be appointed as minister execution. Politiical is of the view that imam can appoint various ministers execution to run various departments. The only sad thing about this was that it was too short-lived and that it could not get time for proper growth and consolidation.
Chapter Al-Mawardi | A History of Muslim Philosophy Volume 1, Book 3 |
A person of raw-opinion has no command. This is undoubtedly the main duty of the Imam under the Shariah.
Al-Mawardi says that the institution of Imamat is the need of Shariah and not of reason. In the next chapter he takes it up again and discusses it in full detail.
The refutation of this dogma was essential to establish the above doctrine. In his book he quotes a Hadith. Moreover, the jurists had, by the force of circumstances, reconciled themselves to the imperialistic order of the day, and given it to the form and sanction of religious authority. The Imam is appointed in one of the two ways: The imam can appoint the Electoral college as well as the persons who may contest for the Imamate.
While a third group supported by Al-Mawardi is of the opinion that any person may be appointed as imam. Nay, it contributed directly to a political theory which encouraged adventurous and ambitious men to impose them on the will of the people with brute force and sheer might.
But on the bases of his qualities and merit. Thirdly, if there is change in this ideology either willingly or under the influence of a foreign body.
Sixthly, having the knowledge of the holy Quran hadiths and fiqa. He does not discuss the scope, jurisdiction, responsibilities and obligations of the state, gives no conception of sovereignty and seems to be completely ignorant of the idea of the constitution. The Imam can easily nominate any suitable person as his successor, provided he does not happen to be his father or son.
It is related that he did not publish any of his works in his lifetime. This practice of appointing two or more heirs-apparent proved to be the greatest political evil in Muslim polity.
The first chapter of his book, kitaab Al-Ahkam Al Sultania is to tell us about the sovereign of Imam. Ibn-e-Khaldoon The Umayyad made strenuous efforts and effected a practical compromise between monarchy and the original caliphate.
Growing up he was able to learn Fiqh Islamic Jurisprudence from Abu al-Wahid al-Simari and subsequently took up his residence in Baghdad. The Imam cannot withdraw the nomination until there occurs in this heir apparent some important change which invalidates him legally. The Board of Provincial Boundaries 3. Even Abu Bakr could not devise the theoretical foundations of the Caliphate, for during the last moments of his life he said that the one great regret he had was that he could not ask the Prophet to enlighten him on three problems.
Political science: Al-Mawardi
Subscriber Services Contact Pooitical Help. Apparently, the citation of this incident in support of a fundamental issue, like that of the Caliphate, is but fake reasoning. Therefore, he presents his theory of imamate within the limits of Shariah. Al-Mawardi relies solely upon the Quran without reference to any other source of law.
Retrieved from ” https: The dispensation of justice and disposal of all litigations in accordance with the Shari-ah. Hence, the construction of a political theory out of his ruling can be neither justified nor appreciated as an achievement in political thought.
The fast developing ideals of Islamic democracy were blasted and superseded by the imperialistic systems of the Umayyads, the Abbasids, the Fatimids and others. Mawardi explained essential qualities of the ministers by giving example of mamoon —ur —Rasheed who used to say that he is in need of ministers having the qualities: The safeguard and defence of the established principles of religion as understood and propounded by the consensus of ancient authorities.
Main Features of his concept of Imamat are as under: So, also, an Imam cannot be deposed until a similar change occurs in him.
These questions are responsible for the sects in Islam. Judiciary is very significant department because a judge is to decide fates of the families. A cruel person is neither in position to give rights to his people now can protect their rights.
The forty years of the Pious Caliphate rightly represented the true spirit of Islamic polity. An instable person cannot become a good ruler. And the charge that occurred was simply un-Islamic, undemocratic and vicious.
Sometimes al-Mawardi uses the documents of the Umayyad and the Abbasid periods masardi premises, for instance, he quotes the accession address of Hazrat Umar bin Abdul Aziz to demonstrate the exalted ideals of the office of the Caliph. When the Muslims built a world empire and actual needs arose, they tackled all these issues and tried to reach definite conclusions on all of them in the light of Quran and the Sunnah. But it is this last work on which his fame chiefly rests.