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Abstract. This paper reviews the state of the art of Object-Oriented Database Management. Systems (OODBMS). The objective of this paper is to provide the. Some basic questions about OODBMS architecture: Do all OODBMS systems have a common set of underlying principles? (In the same way as relational DBMS. OO+DBMS=OODBMS which clearly shows that it is mixture. of both object .. affect the entire architecture of the database but in OODBMS this.

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Factors of the software complexity The worlds presented in Fig. The most popular view is that the databases consist of objects rather than relations, tables or other data adchitecture.

Current post-relational commercial concepts are going even farther and farther from the ideal. The above data could be obsolete, as almost each month the market configuration is changing.

When you integrate database capabilities with object programming language capabilities, the result is an object-oriented database management system or ODBMS. The object-orientedness, which follows the natural human psychology, is considered as a new hope to reduce the complexity; in consequence, to reduce the software crisis.

Actually, oobdms standard is late with respect to the initial schedule. Lack of commonly accepted definitions concerning the object model is considered a weakness of object-orientation in databases.

Object-Oriented Database Management System (OODBMS) Definition

In the data structure links are implemented as logical pointers bi-directional or uni-directional. At that time the relational model eventually won, but some of its promises have never been accomplished. Many professionals oodbma trying to assign strong, technical criteria to this buzzword, allowing us to distinguish the “object-oriented” systems from others.


It shows dependencies between basic functional components of a system.

Object-Oriented Database Management System (OODBMS) Definition

This has led to clumsy programmers’ options, which collectively have been referred to as “impedance mismatch”. Thus, the development is focused on e. Various products present the choice of quite random, redundant, limited and sometimes inconsistent features.

It does not deal with updating and does not define SQL-like abstractions such views, constraints and stored procedures. Although this development is technically and intelectually much more advanced than competitors including SQL3, the ODMG standard, and other industrial concepts there is unfortunately a psychological barrier for wide popularity of these languages.

The relational vendors have financial power, the ownership of the already existing software development base, and a position as well as big authority on the market. Open to decide by designers: Query languages should have the following properties: The schema is necessary to understand what the database contains and how is organized. This caused some critique of the standard [Rupp99] even by those professionals, who generally support the object-orientation in databases. The first release is expected in midalthough this term is not sure.

On the other hand, we must realize that the task undertaken by ODMG was obviously difficult. Object-oriented concepts Object-oriented database models adopt the concepts of object-oriented programming languages. Every relational vendor has announced or promised object-relational products. The extensions concern also some features of object-orientedness, although in this respect this development can be described as “modestly evolutionary” rather than “revolutionary”.

For instance, the Employee and Department objects can be connected by a link worksFor. Codd’s 12 rules of relational systems have notoriously been violated by vendors of commercial systems, which have attached the buzzword “relational” to offered database products, sometimes with little technical justification.

Till now, the concept of persistent polymorphic DBPLs is not popular in the commercial world. If different companies implement different subsets of SQL3, then the standardization effect will be wasted.


Object Database Systems

Second, the object-relational world is adopting more and more object-oriented concepts thus probably in some time we can expect the convergence of both ideas. Other ideas, such as the minimality of languages’ options, full orthogonality of independent features, clear separation between primary built-in and secondary options, the common naming-scoping-binding mechanisms for both querying and programming, etc.

Abstract data types ADTs: Despite a lot of commercial confusion and despite the object-relational rivals, object databases are already successfully applied in various practical areas. This presents a dramatic violation of the relational model rules.

They typically provide permanent, immutable object identifiers to guarantee integrity. People don’t want to realize that database programming is a very professional job, which requires a very professional approach.

SQL statements sent by clients and one or more clients sending requests to the server. Hence, they will ask for a “core” subset of SQL3, i. Till now, there is no evidence that except O2 the standard is fully implemented by other ODMG members. Object-oriented models offer notions that enable the analyst and designer to map the business problem to the abstract conceptual schema better.

Although probably the standard will not fulfill all expectations, it already plays an important role of integrating research and development efforts devoted to object bases. Some people claim that the standard will be ready not earlier than in