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BENIGER THE CONTROL REVOLUTION PDF

The Control Revolution Online is a student project website dedicated to late author James R. Beniger’s book entitled The Control Revolution: Technological and. Beniger, J. R. (). The Control Revolution: Technological and Economic Origins of the Information Society,. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Communication and the. Control Revolution. James R. Beniger. In , Henry Crowell invented breakfast. He did not, of course, pio neer the practice?which.

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But if we think of information and uncertainty as complements and if we think of insurance as reducing uncertainty, then insurance is a form of information. Thus, technology appears autonomously to beget technology and, as argued in Part 11, innovations in matter and energy processing create the need for further innovation in information processing and communication. Bought a second copy and marked it up too. This is a history of the technologies and techniques of controlling industrial processes.

As we have seen, what began as a crisis of safety on the railroads in the early s hit distribution in the s, production in the late s, and marketing and the control of consumption in the early s.

Among the three economic sectors, virtually all of the major innovation in control through the s can be found in distribution; much of that in the s and later comes in production or consumption. Goodreads helps conrrol keep track of books you want to read. Sep 12, Daniel marked it as to-read Shelves: Technology is the external intension of the natural process. If the Contrll Revolution was essentially a response to the Industrial Revolution, however, why does it show no sign of abating more than a century later?

The Control Revolution

He shows that the answers to our questions concerning information society lie in physical existence, and that bureaucracy, and thus Technology, is a product of society, which is a product of our very emergence from inorganic dust. Computers combined the two technologies, which drove both of them to new stages of development continuously. Anna Maria rated it liked it Jul 21, No trivia or quizzes yet.

Matthew Roche rated it really liked it Aug 10, Railroad companies except the Pennsylvania delay building large systems because they lack means to control them. Similarly, the increased reliability of production and distribution flows has increased the economic returns on informational activities like planning, scheduling, and forecasting.

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Durkheim noted that as society moved from local segmented markets to higher levels organization, it brought with it a need for greater information flow, a growing integratedness of society. The origins of the information age traced back through technology and behavior changes. In Chapter 3 Beniger will trace our evolution from inorganic dust to technological societies, and show that social existence is controlled existence.

The answer, as we have seen, is the Control Revolution, a complex [p] of rapid changes in the technological and economic arrangements by which information is collected, stored, processed, and communicated and through which formal or programmed decisions can effect societal control. These innovations, effected by transporters, producers, distributors, and marketers alike, reached something of a climax by the s.

Ken rated it it was ok Dec 05, Join Our Mailing List: Inevitably the Industrial Revolution, with its ballooning use of energy to drive material processes, required a corresponding growth in the exploitation of information: What information was Beniger referring to pre-electronic? Dec 21, Emily rated it it was amazing. Made the mistake of lending it enthusiastically to a colleague.

Technological and Economic Origins of the Information Society. The latter includes what computer scientists now call preprocessing, a complement to the control exercised by bureaucracy through information processing, increasingly using computers and microprocessors. Open Preview See a Problem? Economic activity might indeed depend on control, and control on information, but why do these relationships seem relatively so much more important now than a century ago?

Technological and Economic Origins of the Information Society. Beniger’s book is really a study of systems – systems of production and control and the cycle that forces progress.

Inseparable from control are the twin activities of information processing and reciprocal communication. Along the way he touches on many fascinating topics: Until the last century these functions, even in the largest and most beniber national economies, still were carried on at a human pace, with processing speeds enhanced only slightly by draft animals and wind revolutiln water power and with system control increased correspondingly by modest bureaucratic structures.

In short, the information revolution capital I, capital R started long before we made it electronic.

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The Control Revolution — James R. Beniger | Harvard University Press

In fact Beniger would have it that the information had to accompany the industrial revolution for industrial tools made organizations more capable or powerful.

Initially benigerr control was in the form of bureaucracy, but after WWII it has shifted toward computer technology. Beniger exhaustively surveys the industrial landscape, from materials processing to production to transport to distribution, digging up every kind of feedback mechanism from thermostats to cereal box-top contests and placing it in the context of an bniger narrative of broadening and deepening control capacities. In terms of the magnitude and pervasiveness of its impact upon society, intellectual and cultural no less than material, the Control Revolution appears to be as important to the history of beeniger century as the Industrial Revolution was to the last.

But all in all, Beniger provides a new perspective countering much of the pessimistic, doomsday views people espouse when it comes to technological change.

The Control Revolution: Technological and Economic Origins of the Information Society

Lucy rated it liked it May 27, It will ensue when men systematically use scientific procedures for the control of human relationships and the direction of the social effects of our vast technological machinery Information processing is essential to all purposive activity, which is by definition goal directed and must therefore involve the continual comparison of current states to future goals.

When will I learn? Large wholesalers and retailers like department stores benigerr need to maintain high rates of stock turn. This explains why so many of the components of computer control have been anticipated, both by visionaries like Charles Babbage and by practical innovators like Daniel McCallum, since the first signs of a control crisis in the early nineteenth century.

He defines three problems for control: There are no discussion topics on this book yet. I think I was in dire need for a book like this, seeing how much it helped me in the revloution of certain ideas.