The thirty seven requisites of enlightenment or bodhipakkhiya dhamma in the Pali language and bodhipaksa dharma in the Sanskrit language. being one of the connotations of bodhipakkhiya-dhamma, as given in Chapter I. the thirty-seven Bodhipakkhiya-dhammas, the requisites of enlightenment. bodhipakkhiya-dhammā. The 37 ‘things pertaining to enlightenment’, or ‘ requisites of enlightenment’ comprise the entire doctrines of the Buddha. They are.
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In his translation of DN 27, Walshepp.
Through wisdom, one realises the suffering, cause of suffering, cessation of bodhipzkkhiya and the path leading to the cessation of suffering. These seven sets of qualities are recognized by both Theravadan and Mahayanan Buddhists as complementary facets of the Buddhist Path to Enlightenment. The requisite of concentration appears four times as concentration in the five spiritual faculties and powers; as concentration in the seven factors of enlightenment; and as the right concentration in the Noble Eightfold Path.
Views Read Edit View history. In the Satipatthana suttabefore describing the four foundations of mindfulness and their bodhiipakkhiya aspects and referring to the benefits of practising them, Buddha stated that:.
Bodhipakkhiya-dhamma – Dhamma Wiki
The breath SN Five types or degrees of rapture have been described based on how strong and mature the mental development is: Although 37 requisites of enlightenment have been described in Buddhist teachings, in actuality there are only fourteen different requisites since five requisites seem to appear repeatedly in the seven groups of requisites while the remaining nine qualities appear only once.
The requisite of wisdom appears five times as the factor of investigation in the four bases of mental power; as wisdom in the five spiritual faculties and powers; as investigation of dhammas in seven factors of enlightenment; and as right view in the Noble Eightfold Path.
Right speech has four aspects: The development of the seventh factor upekkha of equanimity or perfect neutrality is facilitated by the preceding six factors and is the mental quality of being non-reactive and neutral with a perfectly balanced mind in the face of experiences such as pleasure and pain.
With proper development and progress, right concentration will lead to deep meditative absorption states, or Jhana, and attainment of insight and wisdom. Uniquely, in the three discourses from the Samyutta Nikaya It is developed by contemplating on the body, feelings, the mind and the mind objects.
Mindfulness on in and out breathing: You are commenting using your WordPress. The mental qualities that are quietened in kaya bodjipakkhiya are the aggregates of feeling vedana ; perception sanna bodhipakkhiiya and the mental formations sankhara.
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When faith becomes a power, it manifests as the four immeasurables, or brahma vihara, namely loving kindness, compassion, sympathetic joy and equanimity.
The Noble Eightfold Path: Equanimity is also a factor associated with Jhana or deep meditative stages in concentration meditation. Equanimity is the last of the four immeasurables brahma viharathe others being loving kindness, compassion and sympathetic joy. Similarly, if effort or energy dominates over concentration it will cause restlessness and agitation whereas when concentration dominates over effort it will cause sloth and torpor. In addition, Buddhaghosa factors the 37 qualities in a manner so as to describe fourteen non-redundant qualities Vism.
Subsequently, effort is directed to abandon the unwholesome mental states that have already arisen by bodhkpakkhiya thoughts of sensual desire, hatred and cruelty.
That is the four satipatthanas. Right mindfulness is to be developed through the four foundations of mindfulness: Distaste for all the world SN As the concentration becomes stronger and deeper, the five mental hindrances of sensual desire ill will, sloth and torpor, restlessness and remorse, and sceptical doubt are gradually overcome. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: When energy and concentration become powers, they lead to deep states of concentration, or Jh anaand when wisdom becomes a power it leads to the insight into the three universal characteristics of impermanence: Through investigation, one gains an analytical knowledge of their true nature consisting of the three universal characteristics of impermanence, unsatisfactoriness and absence of a self.
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References  Mahaparinibbana Sutta: Bodhipakkyiya copy as title Articles lacking reliable references from December All articles lacking sources Articles needing more viewpoints from December From a practical standpoint, the eight factors above can be divided into three groups of practice:.
And what, bhikkhus, are these teachings? Mindfulness, the first factor of enlightenment, means non-judgemental awareness from moment to moment and is also the 7 th factor of the Noble Eightfold Path.
Thirty-Seven Requisites of Enlightenment: Bodhipakkhiya dhamma in Theravada Buddhism
The spiritual friend can help the meditator choose the right object for meditation and can also provide guidance and support. The sixth factor of concentration, which is calm one-pointedness of the mind focussed on a particular internal or external object, follows the factor of tranquillity while the other factors of faith, investigation, effort and joy are also conducive to the development of concentration. You are commenting using your Twitter account.
In the faculty of concentration, by choosing an appropriate meditation object and focusing attention on that, one develops deep states of concentration called dhyana.
The faculty of conviction The faculty of persistence The faculty of mindfulness The faculty of concentration The faculty of discernment. It has three aspects—the intention of renunciation, intention of good will and intention of harmlessness—that are in opposition to the wrong intentions of greed, ill will and harmfulness. The requisite of faith appears twice in the five spiritual faculties and powers.
When the five spiritual faculties are developed and cultivated well bodhipakkhiyz become firm, strong and powerful enough to oppose and control the factors that can oppose the five spiritual faculties. Supramundane right view is the correct understanding of the Four Noble Truths of suffering dukkhathe cause of suffering samudayacessation of suffering nirodha and the path leading to the cessation of suffering magga. When tranquillity develops, the opposite factors of restlessness and remorse uddaccha dhakma are controlled.
Examples of this are as follows:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The requisite of effort appears nine times as the four types of effort; as effort in the four bases of power; as effort in the five spiritual faculties and powers; as effort in dhammx seven factors of enlightenment; and as right effort in the Noble Eightfold Path.