A Brief Outline of the Canons of Dordt (), the Original Five Points of Calvinism. Rev. Angus Stewart. Head I: Of Divine Predestination (Unconditional. The Canons of Dordt of , the Reformed Tradition’s response to the Arminiam views of the Remonstrants in the Dutch Reformed Church. Everyone knows the acronym TULIP, but not everyone knows where this acronym comes from. The Canons of Dordt are among the most.
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For these show that they do not know the power of divine grace and the working of the indwelling Holy Spirit. The good pleasure of God is the sole cause of this gracious election; which does not consist herein, that out of all possible qualities and actions of men God has chosen some as a condition of salvation; but that he was pleased out of the common mass of sinners to adopt some certain persons as a peculiar people to himself, as it is written, “For the children being dprdt yet born neither having done any good or evil,” etc.
Whence it clearly appears that some, whom such conduct by no means became, have violated all truth, equity, and charity, in wishing to persuade the public:.
Canons of Dort (A.D. ) |
Article 12 – This Assurance as an Incentive to Godliness This certainty of perseverance, however, is so far from exciting in believers a spirit of pride, or of rendering them carnally secure, that on the contrary, it is the real source of humility, filial reverence, true piety, patience in every tribulation, fervent prayers, constancy in suffering, and in confessing the truth, and of solid rejoicing in God. Article 6 – The Saving Power of the Gospel What therefore neither the light of nature nor the law could do, that God accomplishes by the operation of the Holy Spirit through the word or ministry of reconciliation.
But this doctrine is justly terrible to those, who, regardless of God and of the Savior Jesus Christ, have wholly given themselves up to the cares of the world, and the pleasures of the flesh, so long as they are not seriously converted to God.
According to that decree, he graciously softens the hearts of the elect, however obstinate, and inclines them to believe while he leaves the non-elect in his just judgment to their own wickedness and obduracy. How unsearchable his judgments, and his paths beyond tracing out! Arminian theology was at first suppressed in the United Provinces known today as the Netherlands but caught on there later and spread to England and the American colonies, largely through the influence of John Wesley and the Methodists.
That God, simply by virtue of his righteous will, did not decide either to leave anyone in the fall of Adam and in the common state of sin and condemnation, or to pass anyone by in the communication of grace which is necessary for faith and conversion. The Canons of Dordt were a response to a controversy within the Reformed churches of the Netherlands in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries.
Hence fo daily sins of infirmity and as a result blemishes od to the best works of the saints. That the doctrine of the certainty of perseverance and of salvation from its own character and nature is a cause of indolence and is injurious to godliness, good morals, prayers, and other holy exercises, but dorrdt on the contrary it is praiseworthy to doubt.
Faith is therefore to be considered as the gift of God, not because it is offered by God to man, to be accepted or rejected at his pleasure; but because it is in reality conferred, breathed, and infused into him. And this is that regeneration so highly extolled in Scripture, that renewal, new creation, resurrection from the dead, making alive, which God works in us without out aid. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The Canons of Dordt are placed with the Heidelberg Catechism and canlns Belgic Confessionas well as the Westminster Confessionas articulating the basic Faith confession of many Reformed churches. Although the weakness of the flesh cannot prevail against the power of God, who confirms and preserves true believers in a state of grace, yet converts are not always so influenced and actuated by the Spirit of God as not in some particular instances sinfully to deviate from the guidance of divine grace, so as to be seduced by and to comply with the lusts of the flesh; they must, therefore, be constant in watching and prayer, that they may not be led into temptation.
And his justice requires as he has revealed himself in his Wordthat our sins xordt against his infinite majesty should be punished, not only with temporal but with eternal punishment, both in dorft and soul.
Canons of Dort (A.D. 1619)
For grace is conferred by means of admonitions, and the more readily we perform our duty, the more eminent usually is this blessing of God working in us, and the more directly is his work advanced; to whom alone all the glory both of means, and of their saving fruit and efficacy is forever due. Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology. May Jesus Christ, the Son of God, who, seated at the Father’s right hand, gives gifts to men, sanctify us in the truth, bring to the truth those who err, shut the mouths of the calumniators of sound doctrine, and endue the faithful minister of his Word with the spirit of wisdom and discretion, that all their discourses may tend to the glory of God, and the edification of those who hear them.
Conclusion And this is the perspicuous, simple, and ingenious declaration of the orthodox doctrine respecting the five articles which have been controverted in the Belgic churches; and the rejection of the errors, with which they have for some time been troubled.
For these deny by this doctrine the incorruptibleness of the seed of God, whereby we are born again. For all the Reformed churches participated in the work of the Synod of Dordrecht; and when the Canons were completed, the foreign delegates as well as the Dutch delegates affirmed them by their signatures. Article 5 – The Sources of Unbelief and of Faith The cause or guilt of this unbelief as well as of all other sins is no wise in God, but in man himself; whereas faith in Jesus Christ and salvation through him is the free gift of God, as it is written: The manner of this operation cannot be fully comprehended by believers in this life.
That there are various kinds of election of God unto eternal life: That the corrupt and natural man can so well use the common grace by which they understand the light of natureor the gifts still left him after the fall, that he can gradually gain by their good use a greater, namely, the evangelical or saving grace and salvation itself. That the true believers and regenerate not only can fall from justifying faith and likewise from grace and salvation wholly and to the end, but indeed often do fall from this and are lost forever.
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Article 2 – The Believer’s Reaction to Sins of Weakness Hence spring daily sins of infirmity and as a result blemishes adhere to the best works of the saints. Today the Canons of Dort form part of the Three Forms of Unityone of the confessional standards of many of the Reformed churches around the world, including the NetherlandsSouth AfricaAustraliaand North America.
And how shall they preach except they be sent? The fault lies in themselves, some of whom when called, regardless of their danger, reject the word of life. But as many as truly believe, and are delivered and saved from sin and destruction through the death of Christ, are indebted for this benefit solely to the grace of God, given them in Christ from everlasting, and not to any merit of their own.
The Canons of Dordt
It is not even because God bestows the power or ability to believe, and then expects that man should by the exercise of his own free will, consent to the terms of that salvation, and actually believe in Christ, but because he who works in man both to will and to do, and indeed all things in all, produces both the will to believe, and the act of believing also. And God raised us up with Christ and seated us with him in the heavenly realms in Christ Jesus, in order that in the coming ages he might show the incomparable riches of his grace, expressed in his kindness to us in Christ Jesus.
For such is contrary to the description of the image of God which the apostle gives in Eph. Article 5 – The Mandate to Proclaim the Gospel to All Moreover, the promise of the gospel is, that whosoever believes in Christ crucified, shall not perish, but have everlasting life.
Canons of Dort | Christian Reformed Church
The cause or guilt of this unbelief as well as of all other sins is no wise in God, but in man himself; whereas faith in Jesus Christ and salvation through him is the free gift of God, as it is written: We know it by the Spirit he gave us 1 John 3: For these contradict the apostle, who declares: Moreover, the promise of the gospel is, that whosoever believes in Christ crucified, shall not perish, but have everlasting life. That the corrupt and natural man can so well use the common grace by which they understand the light of natureor the gifts still left him after the fall, that he can gradually gain by their good use a greater, that is, the evangelical or saving grace, and salvation itself; and that in this way God on His part shows Himself ready to reveal Christ unto all men, since He applies to all sufficiently and efficiently the means necessary to conversion.
For such is contrary to the description of the image of God, which the Apostle gives in Ephesians 4: For Christ Himself, in Matt For by this injurious error the pleasure of God and the merits of Christ are made of none effect, and men are drawn away by useless questions from the truth of gracious justification and from the simplicity of Scripture, and this declaration xanons the apostle is charged as untrue: And every one that has this hope cordt him purifies himself, even as he is pure,” I John 3: That god dordtt the regeneration of man does not use such powers of His omnipotence as potently and infallibly bend man’s will to faith and conversion; but dofdt all the works of grace having been accomplished, which God employs to convert man, man may yet so resist god and the Holy Spirit, when God intends man’s regeneration and wills to regenerate him, and indeed that man often does so resist that he prevents entirely his regeneration, and that it therefore remains in man’s power to be regenerated or not.
This is an innovation and an error, and tends to elevate the powers of the free will, contrary to the declaration of the Prophet: