Hillocks of coir pith accumulate in the vicinity of coconut coir-fiber extraction units, of which disposal and management remain a major problem. lates as a waste material near coir processing factories causing environmental and disposal problems. The feasibility of co-composting coir pith with solid poul. “PITHPLUS” An edible mushroom spawn speeds up composting process of coir pith and leads to 42% reduction in volume of coir pith. This mushroom belongs.
|Published (Last):||11 October 2005|
|PDF File Size:||9.43 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||9.89 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
This extraction process generates a large quantity of dusty material called coir dust or coir pith.
ORGANIC FARMING :: Special technologies :: Coir compost
Maintaining optimum moisture is the pre-requiste for uniform composting or waste material. Composting of coir pith reduces its bulkiness and converts plant nutrients to the available form.
Beforebuying composted coir dust, it should be ensured that the material is composted completely and quality analysis certificate is available with the material. Coir pith is ciir aerobic composting.
Coir Pith Compost
If immature compost is applied to the soil, even after entering into the soil, it will undergo decomposition inside the soil, by taking nutrients from the soil. But excess water should not be drained form the waste material is to take a handful of composting material and put in between the palms and squeeze it.
Comlosting example if one ton coir pith is divided into 10 portion, in the first layer, kg poultry litter is added.
For applying to the established trees like coconut, mango, banana and other fruit bearing trees, minimum 5 kg compowting coir pith is required. The addition of composted coir dust improves soil texture, structure and tilth, sandy soil become more compact and clayey soil become more arable.
It is advisable to bring fibre free coir pith for composting. The shady area conserve the moisture in the composting material.
It is better to prepare compost in the own farm. If fresh poultry litter is applied, it is recommended kg for one ton of coir pith. But beyond 5 feet, it requires machinery to handle the materials. Coir pith compost heap.
Central Coir Research Institute
Coir pith heap Coir pith is collected from the coir industry without any fiber. If no water is coming out of the material, that moisture status is ideal for composting. The bulk density of both the sub surface cm sioil is reduced to considerable extent with the application composted coir compostign. Initially coir pith should be put up for 3 inch height and thoroughly moistened.
Application of coir pith compost. Large quantity of coir waste of about 7. Limitation in using composted coir pith. Coir pith compost application increased the soil native microflora because of addition of humic materials.
The period of composting vary from substrate to substrate. In Tamil Nadu state alone 5 lakh tons of coir dust is available. Once in a month, water is sprinkled over the compost material to maintain the moisture.
One has to proportionally divide and put the required amount of poultry litter over the coir pith. Nutritive value of raw and composted coir pith compost.
Coir pith is collected from the coir industry without any fiber. If the composition is not used immediately, it should be stored in a open, cool place, to retain the moisture, so that the beneficial micro organism present in foir compost will not die.
Because of wider carbon and nitrogen ratio and lower biodegradability due to high lignin content, coir pith is still not considered as a good carbon source for use in agriculture.
The increase in height retains the temperature generated in the coir pith compost process. There is no need for pit or cement tub to make the compost. The nitrogenous source may be in the form of urea or fresh poultry litter. The second observation is waste materials are turned to black in colour and the waste particle size is reduced.
It is recommended that 5 tons of composted coir ppith per hectare of land irrespective of the raised. Because of this, standing crop will get affected.