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Some books are well worth reading and Stephen Toulmin’s books, ‘Cosmopolis’ and ‘Return to Reason’ are certainly two of these. They are. In Cosmopolis, Stephen Toulmin initially gives a series of proposed dates for the origin of modernity (see p. 5). Proposed dates: Gutenberg and the. An attempt to reevaluate the intellectual beginnings and basis of modernism and, in so doing, to provide the next century with a more.

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Descartes, and subsequetly natural science and philosophy, sought universal, stable theories that would rise above the conflicts of the day. The MIT Press,p. From here Toulmin turns to the 16th-century Humanists, particularly Montaigne. Brian Barry – – History of European Ideas 22 1: It provides a clear interface between social trends and intellectual development.

View all 5 comments. Return to Book Page. What is needed for the next century, Toulmin states, is the rebirth of humanist thinking with its classical skepticism to complement–not compete with–today’s overly burdened rational and scientific thinking, Success here would intertwine the sciences and liberal arts and thus bridge the rift in 20th-century thought that C. Rorty, University of Virginia “[Toulmin] has now tackled perhaps his most ambitious theme of all.

What has changed th A cogent and insightful archeology of the concept and historical epoch known as Modernity. This narrative makes a lot of sense of some absurd extremes in philosophy and art like positivism and twelve-tone music. The narrative is quite convincing, but it can feel a bit too convincing, a bit too simple. Prior sources of certainty, most notably religion, had let them down.

After reading Cosmopolis, i couldn’t write down my thoughts in a full paragraph or essay, but rather than just a disordered peom if i am allowed to call it a poem.

Media reporter, reviewer, producer, guest booker, blogger. Philosophy in Review Request removal from index. But the history Toulmin cosmopoliw out undermines that point.

By charting the evolution of modernity, he hopes to show us what intellectual posture we ought to adopt as we confront the coming millennium. For it will be desirable to enlist their temperaments in the service of our cause, where they are such as cosmopoolis like to be useful, or to mollify them, if they are like to prove adverse, just according as they are harsh, gentle, cheerful, grave, stern, or easy-going.

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Weissenhof Apartments Stuttgart, Germany, Perhaps all the research on motivated reasoning and the big debates about data analysis and science funding sources and objectivity that make the problems of objectivity in science so flummoxing to me now were still not well described or publicized then.

The first half is an excellent and convincing study of Descartes in the context of France in the early 17th century.

Cosmopolis: The Hidden Agenda of Modernity

On a positive note, he had moments when he was quite aware that things are not always rosy and we might not be slouching towards Eden. The Thirty Year War has created a sense of urgency with Descartes and others to rethink society and to What’s Modernity? Stefano Oliverio – – Studies in Philosophy and Education 33 1: His aim is nothing less than to lay before us an account of both the origins and the prospects of our distinctively modern world.

Snow analyzed in his classic Two Cultures.


View all 4 comments. Toulmin ends by arguing that we must humanize Modernity or the post-modern and return to the diversity and plurality that marked the writings of the 16th century writers.

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It I find this a difficult book to sum up. Sign in to use this feature. But the 17th century they were living in was not an era hidedn free speech, but of strict doctrine Cromwell, Counterreformation, The Far Side of Modernity.

Toulmin traces the quest for certainty through faith in science and rationality from thinkers such as Galileo, Descartes,Newton, and Hobbes to modern thinkers. Things did not, of course—two world wars separated hidden economic disaster. In Aristotle’s view, the orator should, when fashioning his speech, take into consideration factors such as age, habits, social status, wealth, aspirations, and political constitution or ideological point of view.

Cosmopolis: The Hidden Agenda of Modernity by Stephen Toulmin

On this measure, the modern era began with the creation of separate, independent sovereign states, each of them organized around a particular nation, with its own language and culture, maintaining a government that was legitimated as expressing the national will, or national traditions, or interests. Nov 19, John Henry rated it liked it Shelves: The research program of modern hidren They are books that can only be attempted by writers and thinkers with encyclopedic knowledge and a brilliant capacity to analyze and synthesize.

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I don’t remember a hidden agenda. The 17th century marks the ascendancy of theory. I could not at the end of the book exactly say what the hidden agenda jidden modernity is. Selected pages Title Page. Toulmin suggests that the 17th century actually witnessed a restriction of rationality, from an Th interest in practical, instantiated science to a Platonic devotion to abstracted theory.

Yes, this mode of thought privileged physics and Euclidean geometry as ‘master fields,’ and yes, this refuses to account for human experience in the way we’d want the sciences to be going forward, but toulmin never actually deconstructs the notion that abstract concepts and immovable theories can be anything other than pretensions toward mastery. And literacy was already hifden by the 16th century, with the 17th century witnessing a narrowing of literary creativity.

Ronald de Sousa, Stephen Toulmin, Cosmopolis: The Hidden Agenda of Modernity – PhilPapers

The argument essentially is that there were rationalist and humanist strands to modern thought and the Cartian won out over the Mointaignian because it made cosmopoils sense to the ruling elite as a response to the disasters of the Agwnda Years War. However, his contention is this Newton-Cartesian tradition must be balanced by the ideas of our humanist tradition. In narrating this history, two thematic trajectories are evident.

Published November 1st by University of Chicago Press first published