tego samego autora (Samolubny gen, Fenotyp rozszerzony i Ślepy zegarmistrz ). Dawkins zaczyna książkę od z pozoru zaskakującego, ale prawdziwego. The Selfish Gene is a book on evolution by Richard Dawkins, in which the author builds upon the principal theory of George C. Williams’s Adaptation and. geny = naśladownictwo(replikacja). naśladownictwo = teoria memów. Dziękujemy za uwage!!! Richard Dawkins.,,Samolubny Gen,,. Mutacja.
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Product details Format Paperback pages Dimensions x x 40mm I am not advocating a morality based upon evolution “. Hamilton and others who opposed group selection and selection aimed directly at benefit to the individual organism: The Social Conquest of Earth. It certainly alters the likelihood of events, but a concatenation of contingencies decides what actually occurs.
Prior to the s, it was common for altruism to be explained in terms of group selectionwhere the benefits to the organism or even population were supposed to account for the popularity of the genes responsible for the tendency towards that behaviour.
According to the ethologist Alan Grafenacceptance of adaptionist theories is hampered by a lack of a mathematical unifying theory and a belief gne anything in words alone must be suspect. The original replicator Dawkins’ R eplicator was the initial molecule which first managed to reproduce itself and thus gained an advantage over other molecules within the primordial soup.
Williams ‘s Adaptation and Natural Selection The Social Meaning of Modern Biology. This view from is still espoused today,   and conflicts with Dawkins’ view of “the gene as a form of “information [that] passes through bodies and affects them, but is samolubby affected by them on its way through””.
There are other times when the implicit interests of the vehicle and replicator are in conflict, such as the genes behind certain male spiders’ instinctive mating behaviour, which increase the organism’s inclusive fitness by allowing it to reproduce, but shorten its life by exposing it to the risk of being eaten gn the cannibalistic female.
Thompson follows with a detailed examination of the concept of DNA as a look-up-table and the role of the cell in orchestrating the DNA-to-RNA transcriptionindicating that by gfn account the DNA is hardly the whole story.
Dawkins argues qualitatively that the lottery for the gene is based upon a very long and broad record of events, and group advantages are usually too specific, too brief, and too fortuitous to change the gene lottery.
For some, the metaphor of “selfishness” is entirely clear, while to others it is confusing, misleading, or simply silly to ascribe dzwkins attributes to something that is mindless.
Editions of The Selfish Gene by Richard Dawkins
Compatibility between Cultural and Biological Approaches. These examples might suggest that there is a power struggle eawkins genes and their interactor. Looking for beautiful books? The Quarterly Review of Biology.
Similarly, Dawkins argues, there are conflicts of interest between males and females, but he notes that R. A Darwinian View Paperback reprint of ed. A question is whether parents should invest in their offspring equally or should favour some of them, and explains that what is best for the survival of the parents’ genes is not always best for individual children.
In that case, the strategy of having a female offspring is safe, as she’ll have a pup, but the strategy of having a male can bring a large return dozens of pupseven though many males live out their lives as bachelors.
This allows him to consider what selfishness in a gene might actually mean, describing W. In Gilgen, Albert R. At some point a particularly remarkable molecule asmolubny formed by accident.
Contemporary Scientific Psychology Reprint of ed.
Other books in this series. He criticises earlier approaches to social evolution, saying: Levels of Selection in Evolution.
Biology, Phenomenology, and the Sciences of Mind. In describing genes as being “selfish”, Dawkins states unequivocally that he does not intend to imply that they are driven by any motives or willbut merely that their effects can be metaphorically and pedagogically described as if they were. Journal of Theoretical Biology.