(Yescombe ) also describes the range of PPP structures and b. Ley y Reglamento de Concesiones de Obras Públicas: Decreto Supremo [#] . IPCC. Accessed March 13, “IPCC website.” Geneva. Security issues related to the transport of radioactive material by the Nuclear Regulatory. Authority (in .. (Ezeiza Atomic Center) and RA-6 (Bariloche Atomic Center) to USA, in the years and respectively .  Decreto N° 26 mar. Parque Natural da Ilha do Pico. De acordo com o artigo º do Decreto Legislativo. Regional n.º 15//A, de 25 de Junho, o Parque Natural.
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It is fitting to ask whether the ZIF plan faces this precarity or reproduces the national models in the relationship. New borders for a changing Europe: The opinions expressed are those of the authors.
Piden derogar el decreto de Macri que recorta las asignaciones familiares
Cross-Border Study Group, Decreto Por medio del cual se modifica el Decreto del 21 de diciembre deDiario Oficial No. Faced with the magnitude of developing these objectives, the specific objectives and action lines fall short; they do not contemplate the already existing faculties for local institutionality, and they do not clearly develop through the programs and projects contemplated in the plan see Table 2.
In accordance with the different analyses of the institutional development in this part of the country, the task of clarifying, harmonizing, and consolidating the juridical-political and administrative structures and competencies of the territorial entities with action in the ZIF territory that will allow in the future a true implementation process for the integration and development of the zone is still pending Pedicp,p.
Its objectives were aimed at attention to the isolated populations located in the basin of the Putumayo River, which showed institutional weakness, a lack of state intervention, and low economic and social development. However, it appears that the restrictions on the institutional reconfiguration that can be foreseen will not manage to break the national ties with which the PPCP functioned and that led to its reformulation during the IX meeting of the Neighborhood Commission inwhich created the Commission for the Transition from the PPCP to the ZIF.
Decreto Por medio del cual se modifica el Decreto de 2 de octubre deDiario Oficial No. Mauricio Molano Social Action.
Received on October 21, However, with some consternation, we observe that this decentralizing joy in border policy appears to be more discursive than practical, given that it does not translate such ideas into functional institutional frameworks or manifest clarity in the budgets to finance them. In both Colombia and Peru, the intermediate and local levels have planning and development functions, in addition to some specific functions in border zones.
Cross-border paradiplomacy in Latin America. Indeed, both countries have been echoes of the profound transformation of states in their most liberalizing nuances, and both have led the transformation process on the supranational level, particularly within the CAN.
The introduction of educational models that guarantee interculturality and the use of native languages. Adriana Mayela Hurtado Bautista a http: Experience from Sinchi and Pedicp: Towards local diplomacy and cross-border institutionality: This commission will be presided over by the ministers and devreto have an Executive Secretariat composed of, for Colombia, delegates from the Ministry of Foreign Relations, and for Peru, the National Council of Development of Borders and Border Integration, presided by the Ministry of Foreign Relations of Peru, with the support of the Ministry of Agriculture and the Pedicp.
Created by the authors from Decree of Decreto deDecree of Decreto deand Final Act. However, the coordination problems, the national focus of action within the framework of a plan planned binationally, and the limited local participation call these achievements into question. El concepto clave para las fronteras. Things being thus, bearing in mind the difficulties and the problematic generated by this type of mechanism conceived and administered from the central levels of government, it is important and necessary to formulate integration alternatives that take advantage of the competencies already established for the territorial border entities on the local and intermediate level in both countries for the sake of establishing a new focus for public border policy in the different border regions and, in this case, specifically for the Colombian-Peruvian border region.
This structure leads to the argument that, after the decrrto of the joint report of the comptrollers of both countries and against the outcry of various local 20077, the institutionality to implement the ZIF continues to be an issue for the chancelleries, which design and implement through national institutions, whereas the participation of the intermediate levels of government is barely nominal—they do not have assigned decretl within the functional structure of the commission.
Hernando Franco Industrias Manuelita. For example, the binational dscreto advanced by the Naval Forces of both countries are an “analgesic” for the precarity of the health systems on the border. Among the most interesting elements analyzed in the cited report, the limited binational coordination, the lack of decrteo of the high-level commissions, and the limited impact of their accords stand out because they decrrto not translated into effective actions dfcreto by the technical commissions.
In this proposal, the various state, supranational, and even non-governmental organizations, with functions and interests in the Amazon, could be advisors to the RITA, without having roles of coordination or direction, as proposed in other strategies, as shown in Figure 2.
Action lines Strategy 1: This shows how the bilateral agenda is advanced between the different levels of government in an uncoordinated and poorly planned manner and expresses a latent danger for local and intermediate territorial entities in the framework of integration processes, which, despite being present in some forums that define the public agendas, have little influence over them.
This does not suggest sustained actions or permanent structural programs for health care; the same is true xe the telemedicine program, which, without the technical infrastructure, qualified personnel, mechanisms for transferring patients, institutional connections and plans for inter-administrative management, has a limited field of action.
The management of resources to execute the plan: This path is possible if the instances of coordination and agreement created in both countries are strengthened, with the coordination of Brazil being indispensable to these initiatives, in addition to the resources and management capacities of the territorial border entities.
Although there is a tendency towards the proliferation of objectives and initiatives that are useful for the region, all have had and continue to have problems related to an institutionality that turns out to be ee, inefficient, and limited as well as exclusive in terms of management, design, and implementation from the local and intermediate levels of government, including other actors from ds border region, even questioning political and administrative autonomies, a bastion of the decentralization and sustenance of a good portion of the democracy of these countries.
For strategic objective 6, created by the authors with information from the Pedicppp.
Piden derogar el decreto de Macri que recorta las asignaciones familiares
Having reached this point, we have provided a review of some of the bilateral cooperation and integration mechanisms that have been present in the attempt to implement a public border policy for the Colombian-Peruvian border region. The incorporation of traditional knowledge into productive models. This tendency is made explicit in the ZIF Development Plan published inin which local institutional strengthening becomes noticeable on a few occasions, even though strategic objective 3 transversely refers to indigenous institutionality and strategic objective 6 concentrates on “strengthening the national regional and local and binational public and private institutionality of the ZIF” Pedicp,pp.
After a shallow analysis of the political-administrative system, this led Columbia, for its part, to indicate that: One of the most profound elements in the current transformation of the national states, in both their political plans and their administrative and fiscal plans, is that they are no longer the privileged representatives of social relations or the only actors on the international stage; today, thinking about local state administration from the border implies imagining other forms of government, new forms of public border administration that can no longer operate in Westphalian imaginings or under the assumptions of an antiquated geopolitics in terms of realistic notions of international relations.
Despite all of these developments, the design of public policies, and the institutional networks for their implementation, there is no correspondence with what is occurring on the border. For strategic objective 3, created by the authors from information from Pedicppp. These elements combine with the precarious attention to the social needs of its inhabitants, the majority of whom are indigenous.
The Colombian-Peruvian Neighborhood Commission is a bilateral mechanism created in to perform permanent follow-up, conduct analysis and the projection of schedules and commitments, and to establish the need to advance bilateral accords to facilitate the foreseen procedures to unify actions or formalize proposals and activities within the framework of the bilateral relationship.
For its part, the local border society, the beneficiary and sufferer of whatever results from this entire plan, is not even mentioned. To strengthen the cultural identity of indigenous peoples, consolidating their life plans and their interculturality with the national development and border integration processes. Could the Colombian-Peruvian Border Integration Zone overcome the structural restrictions of the previous mechanisms?
In addition, the other entities present on the local level, which include national—level institutions that operate in the area of the ZIF, can barely make “propositions,” and their effective participation in the commission depends on the desires and interests at play in the ministries, which 428 the direction and the Executive Secretariat of the mechanisms. In terms of operational structure and 2070, the PPCP contemplated an executive commission connected to the Mixed Commission for Amazonian Cooperation directed by the ministries, a binational technical committee for the administration and direction of the plan, and technical units or coordinated teams.
Such variation in the composition of these forums could be evidence of changes in the agendas or their internal restrictions in defining the binational agenda and dw development of the public border policy, which would motivate distancing from some actors. This path appears to be the that which 2007 cooperation mechanisms between both countries followed; to note two of these: Laura Ardila National Army. Action lines Strategy 1 The establishment of a Geographical Information System GIS in the area of decreeto ZIF that collects, systematizes, and makes compatible the cartographic information obtained from the various institutions that manage information relevant to the plan.
Recent publications in The participation of the Regional Government of Loreto is noted, but its functions were never enumerated, having been supplanted by a national level agency, the Pedicp.