Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control PDF – Free download as PDF File . pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Tag Archives: Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control – IP On a big scale this is known as Farmscaping, and you can read about it in. Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control. $ This publication contains information about increasing and managing biodiversity on a farm to favor.
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Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control | Horticulture International
Simply adding attractive flowering plants to the farmscape without knowledge of the biology and behavior of key pest and natural enemy species will not result in effective biological control. The trap crop can be a cojtrol plant species, a different variety, or just a different growth stage of the same species, as long as it is more attractive to the pests when they are present. Both practices serve to increase biodiversity and make the habitat less suitable for pest tp.
Remember also that farmscaping plants can add value beyond biological control.
In organic systems approved insecticides can be used, but pests can also be eliminated by crop destruction. Nectar bbiological a source of liquid sugar energy and ti for beneficials, and is critical for optimum performance.
Parasitic and predatory insects use extrafloral nectaries as food sources and mating sites. Strip cropping is a derivation of intercropping and is the practice of growing two or more crops in alternating ehnance across a field.
Intercropping is the practice of growing two or more crops usually different families in the same area. Flowers that provide pollen. The supplemental nectar provided by extrafloral nectaries is important, especially during the early season or periods of drought when few plants are in bloom.
Arthropod pest management in organic crops. A trap crop is a crop that is planted to lure insect pests away from the cash crop. Alternative hosts for beneficial insect prey. Entomologist Patricia Glynn Tillman centertechnician Kristie Graham rightand student ti Brittany Giles evaluate a sorghum trap crop being used to control stink bugs in adjacent fields of peanuts and cotton.
Once information biologiacl available on key pests and their natural enemies, the following strategies can be considered:. Ideal farmscape plantings provide food and shelter for beneficial organisms, suppress weeds, and farmscaoing in close proximity to the cash crop without competing for space light, water and nutrients.
Alfalfa planted as a trap crop in strawberries to control tarnished plant bug. For each market crop to be grown, make a fo of the most damaging pests that require management; then for each pest, try to answer the following questions:. Trap crops were originally designed to be used in conventional systems where insecticides could be used to kill the pests in the trap crop.
This is a broad contorl that refers to enhaance addition of specific plants to enhance the growth and quality of nearby crops. For example goldenrod and fennel can be planted to harbor aphids that serve as hosts for early-season predator species. Browse related by Tag organic productioneorganic. Follow this link to a sample budget for establishment and maintenance of beneficial insect habitat: Many pest populations can be managed by enhancing the efficacy and local abundance of the existing community of natural enemies through modification of the environment, a concept that has been termed “conservation biological control.
The optimum area of the farm devoted to farmscaping depends upon the dispersion capabilities of the beneficials you want to attract see Table 1 below.
(fwd) New: Farmscaping to Enhance Biological Control [ATTRA]
An excellent reference on the topic is Ecological Engineering for Pest Management: An easy way to add Umbeliferae to the farmscape is to buy carrots or parsnips at the market with the tops on and plant them in the farmscape.
Rather, it is an ecological approach or tool that can be combined with other pest boological strategies as part of an integrated organic pest management program.
Farmscaping to enhance biological control: In a pest management context companion plants are usually added to deter or repel pests. Farmscaping aims to prevent damaging levels of pests from developing in the crop ecosystem.
Before planning the farmscape, collect as much information as possible.
Welcome This is where you can bioloyical research-based information from America’s land-grant universities enabled by eXtension. Pollen is a source of protein and protein is critical for egg laying. This requires some information-gathering and management skill on the part of the grower, but this investment can result in the following benefits:. More research is needed to understand the complex interactions among pests, natural enemies, and mixed crop habitats.