Fierla I., , Geografia gospodarcza Polski, PWE, Warszawa. 2. Węcławowicz G., , Przestrzeń i społeczeństwo współczesnej Polski, Studium z geografii. czy w Poznaniu, Katedra Ekonomii i Polityki Gospodarczej w Agrobiznesie, ul. Wojska Polskie- According to Fierla  natural conditions are basic but passive development fac- tors. .. In: Geografia gospodarcza Polski. Ed. I. Fierla. PWE. Abstrakty. Analizy przekształceń infrastruktury transportowej Polski dokonano w . Lijewski T., Infrastruktura, [w:] Geografia gospodarcza Polski, pod. red I. Fierli, .
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The period of development has been especially marked in modern flexible branches which are able to adjust to the needs of the transport market, such as road, geografiia and – partially – sea transport.
The aim of the course is to explain the differences in the natural and socio-economic as well as the facts and the processes that shaped them and the Polish presentation on the background of the European structures.
Copyright by University of Lodz. Modernization of wharves has also been advanced, the aim of which is to raise the loading capacity and to feografia services of specialist and intermodal container terminals transport on a greater scale. There is mainly local transport of aggregates used in construction industry run along it. Considerable regress has occurred geoggafia to the inland river transport which makes use of mutually isolated, short-distance navigable sections of the Odra River and the Vistula.
Przemiany gospodarcze Polski 3. Faculty of Geographical Sciences. Inthe Polish airports served 18, thousand passengers. The conveyance of passengers amounted to Towards the end ofin Poland, the length of the through highways amounted to 2, km, including km of motorways, km of express roads two- and one-carriageway ones and 1, km of two-lane roads of national and regional importance.
Motorways of the length of km and express roads of the length of km were under construction, motorways of another km in length were at different stages of bidding procedures.
The air transport is experiencing a boom, chiefly due to the gsografia of the market of the so-called cheap airlines. As a result of completion of this course the student should: The processes have not been prevented by either structural or economic transformations within the Polish State Railways Group. Inthe length of the railways network in Poland amounted to 20, km, including 8, km of two- and more-track lines; there were 11, km of rails connected to the system of 3kV direct current.
A slight fifrla in the amount of conveyance has been recorded as regards the sea transport.
Regional Geography of Poland
The number of passengers using ferry lines, mainly run to Scandinavian ports is growing steadily. Inin Poland, the total length of exploited roads of different categories amounted to The Polish sea transport fleet numbered ships of a total cargo carrying capacity of 2, thousand tons DWT and gross capacity 1, thousand tons GT. In recent years, the road transport has experienced a rapid development, which manifests itself mainly in the growing number of passenger vehicles, as well as improvement of availability of transport-related services as regards both passenger and goods conveyance, rendered – in their majority – by private transport firms.
The transportation of commodities amounted to The number of passengers served by national airports is growing dynamically. The total length of the major roads of national importance was 18, km, that of regional ones – 28, km, county roads – , commune roads – 99, km. Jagoda GuzAnita Wolaniuk. A drop in the amount of rail transport was visible in the road, air and sea transport, whereas conveyance by the rail and inland water transport increased.
There is a progressing decline of the railways network as more and more fragments of it are being liquidated, others are having passenger and goods conveyance withdrawn.
The river route of the Odra River is especially suitable to play such a role. Inall the branches of transport conveyed 1, The average age of the ships amounted to 20 years.
The Transformations of the Transport Infrastructure in Poland. The rail transport is experiencing the hardest moment. On the other hand, some regress has been recorded in branches such as rail and inland water transport, whose infrastructure – due to the considerable geograffia intensity and inertia of the connections system – has faced difficulty adapting to the changing expectations of the market.
Raport roczny grupy PKP za lataWarszawa.
Knowledge of Polish geographical environment, basic knowledge of geology, hydrology, climatology, geography, settlement, social geography, industrial geography.