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This is a very liberal Galician-Portuguese translation of the manuscript a from the Germanische Nationalmuseum Nuremberg. It is authored by Diniz. Codex a of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg (also known as Hs. a, GNM a, Nürnberger Handschrift GNM a) is a. The codex Nürnberger Handschrift GNM a ( folia) is a manuscript dating from around , preserved today in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in.

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It involves moving a wounded part of the body away from the source of pain. Of this, the two words come: So that your enemy can not prevail over you, write on three separate leafs Michael, Gabriel, Raphael. Also know that one breaks all positions and guards with hewing. The German portions have been identified as in East Central German dialect.

The rapier had the advantage, that it could be worn to the current clothing and fashion at the time and you may even be able to kill him, before he can take his gun out of its halter, before he can make the first shot.

Improved versions were submitted by Lindholm and Hagedorn All this seems in line with the advice contained in GNM a, which is famous for insisting on striking and thrusting as if the sword was pulled by an invisible string attached to the nearest opening e.

The first technique is good for finding an opportunity how he can be trapped or thrown. Some great coaches even go so far that gmm hardly ever teach basic actions, since they assume gnn people they train already possess high-level of technique! This is about the crook-hew, etc. You can see a more detailed description on the page that the author dedicates to the book in galician.

And one shall deliver the thwart-hews with some strength. And shall quite precisely see, note and watch whatever he will do or what his situation, is with which he will go the rounds against you. Located in the valley between high mountains, the so-called North Chain in the Karwendel Alps to the north. Thereafter, you shall then orient yourself as is often spoken before. On second count, note and know that no part on the sword was invented and conceived without reason.


The Germanisches Nationalmuseum is a museum in Nuremberg, Germany. Inthe city, occupied by the forces of Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, was besieged by the army of Imperial general Albrecht von Wallenstein, the city declined after the war and recovered its importance only in the 19th century, when it grew as an industrial centre 4.

Nuremberg Hausbuch (MS 3227a)

But if he is strong and wards and leads off the stab, such that he again becomes strong on the sword and carries off his sword and wards the stab also that the opponent forces-out the fencer’s sword, so shall the fencer again become weak and soft against that and shall allow his sword to lead off and weaken him and swiftly seek his openings with hewing, stabbing and with cutting as it may solely be. The second s is not simply the plural, by an old convention, it doubles the last letter of the abbreviation to express the plural, just as pp.

Also know that no part of the knife has been invented and constructed for no reason and you should use and handle everything correctly, as the art demands. The translation, made over the cours of five years, is based on the original Mittelhochdeutsch text, both read from high resolution scans of the manuscript and from the transcriptions of Dierk Hagedorn and David Lindholm.

Shoot them an email, they can help you out.

With the word “before”, he means that a particularly good fencer shall have and have won the fore-strike every time he hits or misses. Because one reaches the opponent much better and further over the hilt than under it.

In the s the first opera house north of the Alps was erected in Innsbruck, in the university was founded. East Central German German: On these words lay the entire art of Master Liechtenauer’s and the fixed foundation and the core of all fencing on foot or on horse, uncovered or in harness. And anyway, that is not called for in earnest fencing. These tools allowed me to extract quite a lot of technical information from GNM a, which I will try to gradually publish on the blog and eventually compile as a book the latter will happen much sooner with your support, by the way!


For just as he delivers a thwart-hew, to whichever side it is: Gunpowders specific gravity is 1. During the Industrial Revolution, new methods of producing bar iron without charcoal were devised, in the late s, Henry Bessemer invented a new steelmaking process, that involved blowing air through molten pig iron to burn off carbon, and so to produce mild steel. Illuminated manuscripts are enriched with pictures, border decorations, elaborately embossed initial letters or full-page illustrations.

As such that one completes the beginning, middle and ending in one rush without pause and without the hindrance of his counter-fencer and does not allow the opponent to come to strikes with anything.

Wind your hands around his so his must slide off, high and low, everywhere.

Nürnberger Handschrift GNM a

Note here that Liechtenauer, who tiles a person in four parts, just as if he made a line in front of them from the top of the head downwards on his body just to down-here between his legs.

In this context, let us have a look at another quote from GNM a, folio 19r: The reflexive withdrawal of a given body part forces other parts to stabilise the posture.

And whatever one will readily conduct in play or in earnest, they shall make that foreign and confusing so that the opponent does not notice what this is meant to conduct against him. All this robs the opponents of their offensive potential.

When he grabs you frontally at your chest, so push his hands in yours downwards against your chest as it 3227 written before and from there you also have nine, and this is the first.

Learn the third principle if he leaps 327a steps at you so that may reach you with his both hands frontally at the chest, and then falls down, pulling you over himself by jumping with his feet against you so that you get thrown away very hard, this is the counter: You are not currently logged in.