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Shaykh Muhammad al-Tahir Ibn Ashur is the most renowned Zaytuna Imam and one of the great Islamic scholars of the 20th century. Ibn ʿĀs̲h̲ūr. ( words)., patronymic of a family of Idrīsid descent and Moroccan origin which settled in Muslim, Spain. It is said that ʿĀs̲h̲ūr, fleeing from. Muhammad al-Tahir ibn ‘Ashur is the author of Ibn Ashur ( avg rating, 12 ratings, 1 review, published ) and Book-in-Brief ( avg rating, 0 rati.

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Muhammad al-Tahir ibn Ashur – Wikipedia

He understands verses 9: He said, “Ijtihad is a collective duty fard al-kifayah on the community according to the measure of need in the community’s countries and situations. In fact, to stubbornly hold onto superficialities without understanding the intent is to “expose the shari’ah to being dismissed disdainfully.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Therefore, the maqasid of the shari’ah must be engaged. His work on the ultimate purposes of Shari’a represented an attempt to revive the maqasid theory of Shatibi and an effort to renew Islamic legal theory.

Because the shari’ah is universal, it must not be restricted to a single culture. Ibn Ashur believes that al-Shafi’i was misunderstood as accepting a solitary hadith over the larger context and that Ahmad ibn Hanbal was misrepresented as accepting a weak hadith over qiyas.

Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 9 Novemberat Muslim scholars of the Maliki School.

Muhammad al-Tahir ibn Ashur

Learn how and when to remove these template messages. When he entered Zaytunacare was made to provide him the best teachers.


Further, while written words are less subject to distortion, the spoken word is actually more likely to convey the speaker’s intent. Muhammad al-Tahir ibn Ashur was born in Tunis in to an affluent family and died in at age The shari’ah came down in the Arabic language to the Arabic people, and therefore its coloring and style are Arabic.

Responding to modern challenges to Islamic traditions, Ibn Ashur called for substantive reforms in Islamic education. In cold climates, that would not apply. However, its intent is universal and so must be intelligible everywhere.

He was of Andalusian origin. This article’s use of external links may not follow Wikipedia’s policies or guidelines.

His grandfather was especially renowned. He suggested that comments seemingly to the contrary from Imam al-Shafi’i and Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal must be distortions of their work. He thus turns the classical reading around, while still connecting the Prophetic history with the Qur’anic text in a more logical way.

He is best remembered for his Qur’anic exegesis, al-Tahrir wa’l-tanwir The Verification and Enlightenment. He was a writer and author on the subject ibnn reforming Islamic education and jurisprudence.

Muhammad al-Tahir ibn ‘Ashur (Author of Ibn Ashur)

This article has multiple issues. Influenced by a visit to Tunisia by Muhammad Abduh, Ibn Ashur combined knowledge of the classics with a desire to revive Islamic civilization. He qshur, “One of the greatest things required by the universality of the shari’ah is that its rules be equal for all the communities following it to the utmost extent possible, because similarity in the flow of rules and laws is a help for achieving group unity in the community.


Preferring a solitary hadith over a ashut deduction based on context would be problematic. Ibn Ashur saw this literal-mindedness to be represented by the Zahiri position.

For example, the mandate of keeping raisin juice in certain kinds of containers comes from the fact that in the heat of the Hijaz the juice would quickly ferment. His references to the great works of law are respectful, but he does not hesitate to point out shortcomings.

He wanted to see Muslims coming forth to practice ijtihad for the global community. Le Cheikh-el-islam Tahar Ben Achour”. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. He claimed that the discipline of usul al-fiqh had reached its limits and become over-burdened with methodological technicalities. Ibn Ashur called for ijtihad in the strongest terms. This tells us that the law is based on reason. He called for a group of mujtahids from countries around the world, from different madhahib schoolsto address the needs of the community, as the basis for a renewal of civilisation.

One of the most fascinating approaches to the issue of coherence between Qur’an 2: The family had shown dedication to the pursuit of knowledge for generations.