Ximi Elga


Download Citation on ResearchGate | DIALEKTIKA PENDIDIKAN ETIKA DALAM ISLAM (Analisis Pemikiran Ibnu Maskawaih) | p> Bahasa. View the profiles of people named Ibnu Maskawaih. Join Facebook to connect with Ibnu Maskawaih and others you may know. Facebook gives people the. Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ya`qub, surnamed Miskawaih, is also called Abu ‘Ali al-Khazin. It is yet undecided whether he was himself Miskawaih or the son of.

Author: Mukinos Arashikora
Country: South Sudan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Career
Published (Last): 27 November 2010
Pages: 164
PDF File Size: 7.39 Mb
ePub File Size: 7.33 Mb
ISBN: 486-8-78996-689-6
Downloads: 9832
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kak

In addition, there are conditions in the environment surrounding the human being, inasmuch as human society is one of the basic conditions of reaching supreme happiness. The fourth chapter deals mainly with justice and explains in detail what is meant by it. His argument here is that of the First Mover, which was most popular at the time. The book Tahdhib al-akhlaq is considered the most famous book of Miskawayh; so this is the work of which we shall examine the contents quite carefully, so as to base on it our presentation of Miskawayh’s remarks on the education of young boys, only.

Their characters appear in them from the very earliest stage, and they cannot hide them nor dissimulate as an adult can who has developed to the point where he knows his own defects and so conceals them by carrying out actions which in fact are contrary to his nature.

Those few works that are edited bear the correct name, Miskawayh; and that is how he is referred to by his contemporaries and the intellectuals and writers who worked with him [3].

The Ethical Theory of Education of Ahmad Miskawayh

Galen rejects the last two views and says that men are of three kinds: For he distinguishes between reason and faith, or between philosophy and religion, since the supreme happiness is a human happiness, one which is neither imposed on man nor withheld from him by anything outside the scope of his will, and issuing from an intellect greater and stronger than his [19]. So his soul is ready for training, fit to be taken care of, and must not be neglected.


The sphere comes into being through the celestial soul. So we need to point this out here, as it is given thus on the cover, in accordance with usual academic practice. Manners Linked to the Boy’s Conduct 6. In the first of these works he discusses the problems more thoroughly. It commences with a treatise on the Essential Nature of the Soul.

The prophet, in the end, completes the circle of Being by imbibing the celestial soul within him. In this he was influenced ibnj the source from which he drew, or the portion of the book that he uses, and did not add to it.

And because an individual man, if he were left to his own resources could not realize all the good things that might otherwise be obtained, it is necessary that many should live together.

Ibn Miskawaih – Brill Reference

There is also a third opinion that men are created bad and they become good obnu by education. Miskawayh’s advice to the seeker of wisdom, for example, we find published in the book of Yaqut al-Hamawi, the Dictionary of Learned Men Mu’jam al-udaba’ more usually Ma’rifat al-udaba’trans.

Thirdly, a fair leader in order to prevent the nation’s moral degradation due to the role of a just leader is needed. Beginning with these views, Miskawayh presents the methods that are followed in training and refining the boy’s soul.

He makes a specific maakawaih of the love of man for God, of disciple for teacher, and ibni son for his parents in a graded series, as pointed out earlier. Soul has no parts; divisibility applies only to matter. As a Neoplatonisthis influence on Islamic philosophy is primarily in the area of ethics.

It is a combination of material taken from Plato, Aristotle, Galen and the Muslim Religious Law, although Aristotle predominates in it. The chronicle is a universal history from the beginning of Islam, but it cuts off near the end of the reign of ‘Adud al-Dawla.


Virtue is human excellence. The painting illustrates a scene of a school with few boys and girls studying and learning from their teacher Source. From another angle, training or education can be regarded as realizing specified aims, equally whether this be from the viewpoint of the one who assumes responsibility for it, or of the one subjected to it.

But as regards their capability men differ very essentially. He should not only be factual but also critical in collecting his data. The IbnMiskwaih writing mmaskawaih laid the verbal and nonverbal communication, intra-personal communication, interpersonal communication, group communication and also mass communication.

The happy man ibun he who gains friends and tries his best to be of use to them. Man is man by the first. Rather, he continued lbnu path to deal with matters left aside by most of his predecessors or contemporaries among the philosophers. He then became a superior human being. Matter, therefore, adopted the form of vapour which assumed the shape of water in due time.

He divides up man’s policy for his needs or management of his affair into five sections: Ethics as a philosophical study is considered a practical philosophy, which strives to decide what should be; so examining this field of study does not lead to philosophical reflection as a final aim, but rather it is used in practical life.

Is he anything other than something inorganic and dead? The human maskawah will always remain capable of producing knowledge, seeking to increase it, transmitting it to others, adding to it, renewing it; which means it merits continual care and attention, to teach it, and, following Miskawayh’s example, to refine character and purify the dispositions. It belongs to man’s divine part.