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Ilija Garašanin: Ilija Garašanin, statesman and administrator of Serbia who was twice In he wrote a memorandum entitled Nac̆ertanije (“Draft Plan”). Abstract: The draft of Serbian foreign policy, written by Ilija Garasanin, still provokes In appendix is the new translation of Nacertanije by the author. An English translation is also available in P. N. Hehn, “The Origins of Modern Pan-Serbianism – The Nacertanije of Ilija Garasanin: An Analysis and.

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Urquhart], England and Russia: They should judge the political situation of the designated country, especially its political currents; gather data which will enable better aquaintance with the people, their feelings and their innermost desires; but above all, they should indicate what must be considered as an already recognized and publicly expressed popular demand. Of this great idea. The concept of Nacertanije was enlarged by introducing the parliamentary democracy as substantial element for achieving ultimate national goals.

However, despite this correspondence between the two policies, it does not necessarily follow that the nacerfanije and intentions of both are the same, or that their policies must be in harmony.


The function of “medieval literary historicism” which would spread ‘the cult of national distinctivness even to the most submerged community and cultural category of Europe’s population”, 25 in case of Serbia, was exercised by folk poetry mixed with ‘monastic historicism’ adapted to oral tradition. Therefore, without reducing the border guard, we are to increase the number of points of contact, entry, and departure along the Serbian border with Bosnia. A Great Principle Besides the members of the Serbian government, and the political leaders outside the Principality, it is likely that Montenegrin Prince-Bishop Petar II Petrovic Njegos, one of the closest political friends of Garasanin, was also familiar with Nacertanije.

They are seeing to that. Garasanin insisted on a secularized concept of national integration.

Ilija Garašanin – Wikipedia

Reliable and capable people must be sent to travel through Bulgaria, who would draw the attention of the Bulgarian people to Serbia, awakening in them the feelings of friendship toward Serbia and the Serbian government, as well as hopes that Serbia will truely aid their liberation and provide for their welfare.


According to Zach’s ideas, formulated in one particular memorandum sent to Czartoryski before his arrival in Belgrade – Serbia, strengthened by liberal reforms, was to become the centre around which the Southern Slavs would rally. He got acquainted with the Serbian question during Karadjordje’s uprising. Speaking of these, he emphasized the importance of propagating the ideas of national unification among the Habsburg Serbs in general, but he did not put forward the idea of a broader national unification that would have encompassed the Serbs both in the Ottoman and the Habsburg lands.

His dismissal caused energetic protests of Russia, and more especially by the assassination of Prince Michael a few months later 10 June Lous Lenoirwho were sent to the Near East during the crisis Nacwrtanije was as early as that Czartoryski, in the capacity of Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs, learned from Arsenije Gagovic, an Orthodox Church dignitary from Herzegovina, about the plans of the Serbs to get rid of the Ottoman yoke and restore the state iljia had lost in fifteenth century.

LjusicKnjiga o NacertanijuBeogradpp. Zach shared Garasanin’s fears of the political use of the Illyrians: Garasanin’s successor as Serbian Foreign Minister, Liberal leader Jovan Ristic, also studied and tried to follow the main postulates of Nacertanije.

To include the Yugoslav lands under Austrian rule in the Serbian national plan would only mean, in Garasanin’s eyes, a direct Austrian interference in Serbia’s internal affairs. This measure would be of no less importance in a political sense, since the new Serbian agent would find himself among a Serbian population, which situation would result in a stronger influence of Serbia upon the northern Albanians and Montenegro, and these are the peoples who actually hold the keys to the gates of Bosnia, Herzegovina, and the Adriatic Sea.

Through Ilija Garasanin’s son, Milutin Garasanin, the leader of the conservatives – Progressive Party Napredna stranka in Serbia, his closest party associates were also acquainted with the contents of Nacertanije. To this circle also belonged the son of one of the leaders of the Serbian Uprising, Ilija Garasanin.

Serbian views were based on the experience drawn from Garasanin’s co-operation with Croats in the s. With the consent of Paris and London, nacrtanije Poles directed all their efforts towards a long-term obstruction of the plans of Russia and Austria – the two empires which, along with Prussia, partitioned Poland. This goal could be best achieved through the Franciscans there; the most important among them must be won over to the idea of the union of Garazanin and Serbia.


Ilija Garasanin’s “Nacertanije”

The British consul in Ilij, who was familiar with Milos’s secret plans at the time when the action was set to limit Russian influence on the Principality, considered that the Serbian Prince would surely get French diplomatic support for the unification of Bosnia and Serbia into an independent kingdom under the Obrenovic crown. Besides the members of the Serbian government, and the political leaders outside the Principality, it nscertanije likely that Montenegrin Prince-Bishop Petar II Petrovic Njegos, one of the closest political friends of Garasanin, was also familiar with Nacertanije.

Here the Serbian merchant with his natural products would recognize natural Dalmatian seamen and traders as his nationals, but also as clever and capable people who would give him a hand honestly and garazanin when purchasing foreign wares.

Other way out cannot be expected.

We have spoken here in detail about the nature of Russian and Serbian policies, precisely because Bulgaria is the country in which Serbian and Russian influences primarily and largely are to come into contact. Historical Traditions Zach’s Planalthough imbued with an idealistic view of Slavism and South Slavic co-operation, seemingly alien to the views of the Constitutionalists, still had certain common ground with Serbia’s political traditions.

Through the mediation ancertanije Polish representatives in Constantinople and Paris, Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic was recognized both by France and Great Britain as the lawful ruler of Serbia.

In the centre of the historical consciousness of the Serbs, both the educated ones and the peasantry – the predomonently rural masses that carried out the state’s renewal – lay the request for the restoration of medieval Empire whose glory stood for a measure of the aspirations of Garasanin’s contemporaries.

The leader vozd of the Serbian uprising, Karadjordje, aspired towards revolutionary solutions, combining Jacobin ideas with Napoleon’s dictatorial nacertahije.