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World J Surg. May-Jun;17(3) Diagnosis and treatment of jejunoileal atresia. Touloukian RJ(1). Author information: (1)Department of Surgery, Yale. Jejunoileal atresias and stenoses are major causes of neonatal intestinal obstruction. Atresia—derived from the Greek components a- . Jejunal Atresia is a rare genetic disorder. Patients with this disorder are born with a partial absence of the fold of the stomach membrane that connects the small.

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Apple peel jejunoilesl congenital intestinal atresia: Complications that may later occur include malabsorption syndromes, functional obstruction due to an enlarged and paralyzed segment of intestine, or short gut syndrome.

In most cases, this can establish a diagnosis. Intestinal Atresia and Stenosis Intestinal atresia is a broad term used to describe a complete blockage or obstruction anywhere in the intestine. Human traits, including the classic genetic diseases, are the product of the interaction of jejunoleal genes, one received from the father and one from the mother. Annular pancreas Accessory pancreas Johanson—Blizzard syndrome Pancreas divisum.

This disorder was first reported in Clinical Synopsis Toggle Dropdown.

Intestinal Atresia and Stenosis

This may vary from a few days to several weeks. It is hoped that this new knowledge will lead to prevention and treatment of birth defects in the future. Types of intestinal jejunpileal are found by using the technique of prenatal ultrasounds.

Colonic atresia may occur in conjunction with small bowel atresia, Hirschsprung’s disease or gastroschisis. However, those with obstructions farther down in the intestine may not vomit until two to three days later. Download Our Mobile Apps. Symptoms of Jejunal Atresia may be: It is connected to a smaller caliber jejunoiileal of the intestine by a fibrous scar. Second family with ‘apple peel’ syndrome affecting four siblings: Symptoms of the following disorders can be similar to those of Jejunal Atresia.


Alternatively, the association of the 2 abnormalities in the patient may have been coincidental since her phenotypically normal mother had the same chromosome translocation. As a result, one of the three portions of the small intestine the jejunal twists around one of the arteries of the colon called the marginal artery and atrssia a blockage atresia. If a clinician or doctor wants to check the family history, then it must be noted that jejunoileal atresia may occur without a family history.

Pyloric stenosis Hiatus hernia.

Infants with jejunoileal atresia should be screened for cystic fibrosis. The translocation breakpoints in the patient might be considered candidate regions for the gene mutant in apple-peel atresia. It is sometimes compared to an apple peel in appearance. The surgery is performed in the warmed room or operating room with proper care under general anaesthesia.

Twenty-five percent of their children may receive both normal genes, one from each parent, and will be genetically normal for that particular trait. The atresias typically involve the shortest, widest part of the small intestine that joins the stomach duodenumone of the three portions of the small intestine that connects with the duodenum jejunumor the portion of the small intestine that opens into the large intestine ileumand the rectum.

Intestinal atresias are often discovered before birth: Patients with this disorder are born with a partial absence of the fold of the stomach membrane that connects the small intestine to the back wall of the abdomen. A patient with an inadequate length of bowel or lower GI track may develop short bowel syndrome at a later stage.


In case of jejunoileal atresia, there is an obstruction found mostly in jejunum and even in ileum as well. Fifty percent of their children risk being carriers of the disease, but generally will not show symptoms of the disorder. Bowel Obstruction or Intestinal Obstruction: In the immediate to early postoperative period, intestinal contents may leak at the suture line where the ends of the bowel were sewn together.

Half of the infants with this condition are born prematurely and approximately two-thirds have associated abnormalities of the heart, genitourinary or intestinal tract.

Diagnosis and treatment of jejunoileal atresia.

They are named duodenum, jejunum and ileum. Types of Intestinal Atresia Show. Find Another Condition or Treatment. Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads.

This may cause an infection within the abdominal cavity and require additional surgery. There can be more than one atretic segment. Some fetuses with bowel obstruction have abnormal chromosomes. Imperforate anus Rectovestibular jeunoileal Persistent cloaca Rectal atresia.

A picture or videotape of the test is also made so it can be reviewed later.

Jejunoileal Atresia|Symptoms|Causes|Treatment|Types|Prognosis

The blockage is created by a membrane web present on the inner aspect of the intestine. Jejunal atresia jejunoileall an incidence of about 1: Prognosis or the long term outlook for patients with jejunoileal atresia solely depends upon how the functional bowel remains after the surgery.

General Discussion Jejunal Atresia is a rare genetic disorder.