Ximi Elga


Get this from a library! Kirundi grammar: book II. [Betty Ellen Cox]. From to Elizabeth “Betty” Ellen Cox served as a missionary to equatorial Africa working for the General Missionary Board of the Free Methodist . Dictionary: Kirundi-English, English-Kirundi by. Elizabeth E. Cox be necessary to turn to the Kirundi-English section. N.B. .. interrogative (grammar) ku – bā ta.

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Kongo Kituba Lingala Swahili Tshiluba. Looking at the Kimenyi text, it’s interesting to see how some of the vocabulary resembles Swahili-Arabic vocabulary. The inhabitants of Rwanda and Burundi belong to several different ethnic groups: Do you have any links? From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. The distinction is phonemic. The Guthrie classification is geographic and its groupings do not imply a relationship between the languages within them. This page was last edited on 10 Grammaarat HutuTutsiand Twa.

It’s not that surprising. Narrow Bantu languages by Guthrie classification.

Kinyarwanda/Kirundi – UniLang

Meeussen described this harmony in his essay and it is investigated further by others. Francophone African Sign Language. Rundi has been shown to have properties of consonant harmony particularly when it comes to sibilants. How far did you get? Rundi is often used in phonology to illustrate examples of Meeussen’s rule [15] [16] In addition, it has been proposed that tones can shift by a metrical or rhythmic structure. Views Read Edit View history. There’s a massive lack of interest in Sub-Saharan Africa here.


G10 G11 Gogo G12 Kaguru. It has been proposed that sequences that are CVV in the surface realization are actually CV in the underlying deep structurewith the consonant coalescing with the first vowel. Kirundi is mutually intelligible with Kinyarwandaan official language of Rwandaand the two form part of the wider kirunddi continuum known as Rwanda-Rundi.

F11 Tongwe F12 Bende. I’m unlikely to visit either anytime soon, though, so I haven’t put any effort into learning the language. Since Rundi has phonemic distinction on vowel length, when a long vowel changes from a low tone to a high grxmmar it is marked as a rising tone.

Kirundi-English, English-Kirundi Dictionaries

To really learn a language you must discuss with someone who speaks it that way your improve your accent. It is the official language of Burundi. F10 F11 Tongwe F12 Bende.

This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. The only problem is that I don’t like tones, but yeh I’d be interested in comparing Bantu languages. G51 Pogolo G52 Ndamba. I thought that with Rwanda and Burundi being further away from the coast, their language wouldn’t have so much obvious influence from Arabic. Languages kirujdi the Democratic Republic of the Congo.


Wow, I like that. Neighbouring dialects of Kirundi are mutually intelligible with Haa language spoken in western Tanzania. The languages are not that hard to learn and I have learned complicated languages than those two German.

Rundi is a tonal language. Syllable structure in Rundi is considered to be CV, that is having no clusters, no coda consonants, and no complex vowel nuclei. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Although the literature on Rundi agrees on 5 vowels, the number of consonants can vary anywhere from 19 to 26 consonants. Eleanor Roosevelt once said, ” The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams. Somali, Kinyarwanda – Interested in: