In July , Ley de , a comprehensive tobacco control law, .. Marín L. Aún quedan muchos cigarrillos por apagar de aprobar la ley antitabaco. La presente Ley tiene por objeto adoptar medidas para proteger la salud de la Para efectos de la presente Ley, los siguientes términos se. the inception of the Tobacco Control Act in Colombia (Ley de ). .. Morris niega sobornos para tumbar Ley Antitabaco, 12 de junio de ).
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Thomson G, Wilson N. People, Politics and Policies. Magzamen S, Glantz SA.
Fumadores y no fumadores aprueban normas antitabaco. Status in the Americas. Organizations outside Colombia funded Colombian NGOs to create educational materials and train local health department staff. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The Tobacco Industry in Developing Countries. Tobacco Antitabacp in Africa: Who Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
Argentina tiene una ley nacional de control de tabaco
San Francisco Parnassus Avenue, Suite From Few to Many: Tobacco Control in Tennessee: Las Brujas De Salem. Challenges in Latin America. Smoke-free implementation for low and middle-income countries LMICs is challenging because tobacco companies often have more resources than the health authorities, 14 and tobacco industry activities are less controlled,12 making implementation weak or uneven.
Secretario Distrital de Salud. Implementation of the smokefree provisions did not face the concerted tobacco industry opposition common elsewhere, 4133359101112131632 likely because the companies seem to have focused on countering the prohibitions on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship.
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University of California Press, Implementation was weakest in rural areas and the Atlantic coast, with less interest from agencies in these areas e. Beyond government agency activities, health organization vigilance, outside organization funding, and hospitality industry support contributed to strong implementation. Like many Latin American countries, Colombia lacked a strong national smokefree education campaign, 16 but had many vigorous local campaigns.
Conflict, Governance, and State Fragility: Cancer Causes Control ;23 Suppl 1: Waging War and Negotiating Peace. Eur J Public Health ; This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. Health organization monitoring, external funding, and hospitality industry support contributed to effective implementation, and could be cultivated in other low and middle income countries.
La Silla Vacia, November, A View from the Top: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.
Fumadores y no fumadores aprueban normas antitabaco
The Cost of Caution: Attempts to Undermine Tobacco Control: Only leyy highly engaged in implementation agreed to interviews, so our findings hold to the extent that such interviews captured the key issues of local implementation. Observatory of Economic Complexity.
Key informants at the national and local levels were interviewed and news sources and government ministry resolutions were reviewed.
For the law, the Health Ministry shared surveillance, education, and enforcement practices among local health departments. Monitoring, outside funding, and business support.
As in high income countries, 333435 implementation included guidance from the Health Ministry to local health departments, education by health departments and advocates, and enforcement by local health authorities and police, especially in major cities. Health advocates should cultivate hospitality association support in advance of legislation, when possible.
Nongovernmental organizations provided technical assistance and highlighted noncompliance.
Tung G, Glantz SA. San Francisco, United States. Am J Public Health ;